Côte Saint-Luc adds name to Human Rights Walkway
The City of Côte Saint-Luc unveiled a plaque adding the name of Helen Suzman to the list of distinguished honorees on the city's Human Rights Walkway at Pierre Elliott Trudeau Park (6975 Mackle Rd.) on Friday, October 19 at 1pm.
Inaugurated in September 2000 and located at Pierre Elliott Trudeau Park, the Côte Saint-Luc Human Rights Walkway is dedicated to those men and women who, by their steadfast commitment to mankind, have held high the torch of human rights and let it light the world. Helen Suzman joins other notable honorees on the Walkway, including René Cassin, John P. Humphrey, Raoul Wallenberg, Jules Deschênes, Maxwell Cohen, and Mary Two-Axe Early.
Born in 1917, Ms. Suzman served in the parliament of South Africa for 36 years and was a vocal critic of the policy of apartheid. She was once accused by a minister of asking questions in parliament that embarrassed South Africa, to which she replied: “It is not my questions that embarrass South Africa, it is your answers.”
After apartheid ended and when free elections were held, Ms. Suzman was by the side of President Nelson Mandela when he signed the new constitution in 1996. Today, she is 90 years old and lives in South Africa.
Helen Suzman (1917 - 2009)
Although never religious, Suzman’s Jewish origins imparted two qualities that were important: a sensitivity to the evils of discrimination, and a respect for learning and culture. From an early age, she was a voracious reader.
Suzman graduated with first-class passes in both her major subjects, Economics and Economic History from the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. In 1945 she became a tutor in Economic History, a position that was later converted into a lectureship that she held until 1952.
She gave up teaching for politics, being elected to Parliament in 1953 as a member of the United Party. She helped form the liberal Progressive Party in 1959 and was the sole parliamentarian unequivocally opposed to apartheid, from 1961 to 1974.
Suzman was noted for her strong public criticism of the policies of apartheid at a time when this was unusual among whites, and found herself even more of an outsider by virtue of being an English-speaking Jewish woman in a parliament dominated by Calvinist Afrikaner men. She was once accused by a minister of asking questions in parliament that embarrassed South Africa, to which she replied: "It is not my questions that embarrass South Africa, it is your answers."
She was a great believer in on-the-spot fact-finding. Whether it was the forced removal of a community, a fracas between police and protestors, or conditions in prisons, she made it her business to go and find out for herself. Her visits to prisons, notably Robben Island, were among her finest achievements. Nelson Mandela wrote in glowing terms of her visits to Robben Island – and the improvement in conditions that her interventions brought about.
After stepping down as an MP, she served as president of the South African Institute of Race Relations from 1991 to 1993. She served on the Independent Electoral Commission that oversaw the first democratic election in 1994, and was for three years thereafter a member of the statutory Human Rights Commission.
Suzman visited Nelson Mandela numerous times in prison, and was at his side when, as President, he signed the new South African constitution in 1996. Following her retirement from politics, Suzman established the Helen Suzman Foundation geared towards promoting Liberal democratic values and promoting human rights in South Africa.